Status of the hadith: “الناس كلهم هالكون الاالعالمون الخ”

N.B.- There were two issues mentioned above which we will like to clarify. One is the issue of e’raab. Allamah Saghani had pointed out that from a Nawh perspective the اعراب of the مثتثنى should be نصب as the كلام is موجب. However, Al-Ajluni refute this by stating that As-Suyuti narrates from Abu Hayyan that الابدال in الاستثناء الموجب is also a valid لغة of some of the Arabs. And the statement of Allah {فشربوا منه الا قليل} falls under this لغة. Thereafter Al-Ajluni remarks, “Based on this the word العاملون and those which come after are all بدل.” However, Saghani was speaking based on the rules of majority of the Grammarian scholars while this other dialect is rare.

The second is the issue of the status of the book ‘Tanbeehul Ghafileen’ by Faqeeh Abul Laith As-Samarqandi.

Mufti Abdur Rahman Mangera has summed it up nicely in the following passage, “The Tanbīh is an extensive work consisting of counsels on the inculcation of praiseworthy traits like repentance, generosity and feeding the poor and the eradication of blameworthy traits like arrogance and falsehood. This is followed by an explication of the virtues of many aspects of Muslim conduct and worship and a discussion of some eschatological matters. The author begins each section by presenting the verses of the Qur’ān and Prophetic narrations on the issue, followed by statements of the Companions (ṣaḥāba), Successors (tābiʿūn) and other authorities and follows it up with his own comments. As with other works in this genre, it has been charged with containing many extremely weak and fabricated narrations. The use of weak narrations for persuasion (targhīb) and dissuasion (tarhīb) purposes may be justified, as has been opined by Ibn Ḥanbal, Ibn Maʿīn and other ḥadīth scholars, but not so the use of fabricated narrations and extremely weak ones. The obvious benefit of this work, despite such shortcomings, can be gauged from the proliferation of this work. It continues to be published, translated and sold a thousand years after it was authored.”[9]

Shaikh Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar said concerning benefitting from the ‘Tanbeeh’, “One who can differentiate between the acceptable Hadiths and the non-acceptable ones, may read/teach the kitab whilst avoiding the fabrications.”[10]

And Allah Ta’ala knows best.

[1] Mawdhu’aat As-Saghani #39 Pg.38-39

[2] Tadhkiratul Mawdhu’aat Pg.200

[3] Kashfu Khifaa Vol.2 Pg.415

[4] Al-Fawaid Al-Majmu’ah #771 Pg.231

[5] Asnal Mataalib #1631 Pg.234

[6] Vol.17 Pg.429-430

[7] Surah Al-Ahzaab:8

[8] See for instance: Ihyaul Uloom, Kitab Dhammil Ghuroor Pg.1334

[9] A critical edition of Abū ’l‐Layth al‐ Samarqandī’s Nawāzil. PhD Thesis Pg.39

[10] [Accessed 19th June, 2017]

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